Prevalence, Socio-demographic & Quality of Life (QOL) correlatesof Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among Disaster victims of Uttarakhand
Background: In view of recent catastrophe in disaster prone Uttarakhand, itâ€™s poor preparedness and severe outcome in terms of destruction and loss of human lives & property, a study was designed to look into other â€˜not too visibleâ€™ areas loss in terms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Health related Quality of Life (H-QOL) of the disaster victims and estimate this burden.
Objectives:To estimate magnitude/prevalence of PTSD and assess Health related QOL with potential relationship between variables of PTSD & Health related QOL among the disaster victims of Sub Himalayan Uttarakhand state of India.
Methods: 2667 disaster victims were sampled by multi stage probability sampling ina cross sectional study with key respondents being â€˜head of the familyâ€™, â€˜next to head of the familyâ€™, â€˜any individual directly injured during disaster,aged â‰¥14 years and non-alcoholicâ€™. Study instruments used were WHO endorsed PTSD-S and WHOQOL- BREF tools besides a structured, pre-tested instrument to elicit socio- demographic data.
Results:More than half (51%) of the disaster victims were diagnosed with PTSD. Keysocio-demographic and other variables, namelygender, education, occupation, family income, marital status, kind of disaster exposed to, frequency of disaster, type of loss and type of exposure significantly affected development of PTSD. Also,Health related QOL was found to be negatively correlated with PTSD among the disaster victims.
Conclusion: Sensitization and capacity building of both providers & community to proactively take appropriate measures in minimizing/mitigating PTSDs and thereby ensure desired QOL are of paramount importance.
Keywords: Disaster Victims, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Quality of Life.